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Founder of Gratings, Inc., Dr. Zaidi, has extensive R & D experience in many fields with focus on nanostructures and solar cells.

Complete list of publications and patents is listed here.

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REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS
1 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, High Aspect-Ratio Holographic Photoresist Gratings, Appl. Optics 27, 2999 (1988).
2 Saleem. Zaidi, M. Yousaf, and S. R. J. Brueck, Grating Coupling to Surface Plasma Waves I - First-Order Couplin, Jour. Opt. Soc. Amer. B8, 770-779 (1991).
3 Saleem H. Zaidi, M. Yousaf, and S. R. J. Brueck, Grating Coupling to Surface Plasma Waves II - Interactions between First- and Second-Order Coupling, Jour. Opt. Soc. Amer. B8, 1348-1359 (1991)
4 Saleem H. Zaidi, S. R. J. Brueck and J. R. McNeil, Noncontact, 1°C Resolution Temperture Measurement by Projection Moiré Interferometr, Jour. Vac. Sci. and Tech. B10, 166-169 (1992).
5 Saleem H. Zaidi, D. W. Reicher, B. Draper, J. R. McNeil and S. R. J. Brueck, Characterization of Thin Al Films using Grating Coupling to Surface Plasma Wave, Jour. Appl. Phys. 71, 6039-6048 (1992).
6 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Multiple-Exposure Interferometric Lithograph, Jour. Vac. Sci. Technol. B11, 658-666 (1993)
7 An-Shyang Chu, Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Fabrication and Raman Scattering Studies of 1-D Nanometer Structures in (110) Silicon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 905 (1993).
8 M. K. Lang, G. W. Donohoe, Saleem H. Zaidi, and S. R. J. Brueck, Real-Time Image Processing Techniques for Noncontact Temperature Measuremen, Optical Engr. 33, 3465-3471 (1994).
9 S. H. Naqvi, Saleem H. Zaidi, S. R. J. Brueck and J. R. McNeil, Diffractive Techniques for Lithographic Process Monitoring and Contro, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B12, 3600-3606 (1994).
10 D. Burckel, SALEEM H. Zaidi, A. Frauenglass, M. Lang and S. R. J. Brueck, Sub-Feature Speckle Interferometr, Opt. Lett 20, 315-317 (1995).
11 Xiaolan Chen, Saleem H. Zaidi, S. R. J. Brueck and D. J. Devine, Interferometric Lithography of Sub-Micrometer Sparse Hole Arrays for Field-Emission Display Applications, Jour. Vac. Sci. Technol. B14, 3339-3349 (1996).
12 Saleem H. Zaidi, An-Shiang Chu and S. R. J. Brueck, Optical Properties of Nanoscale, One-Dimensional Silicon Grating Structure, Jour. Appl. Phys. 80, 6997-7008 (1996).
13 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Photoluminescence of Manufactured 1-D Crystalline Si Grating, Opt. Commun. 135, 264-268 (1997).
14 D. Zubia, SALEEM H. Zaidi, S. R. J. Brueck and S. D. Hersee, Nanoheteroepitaxial Growth of GaN on Si by Organometallic Vapor Phase Expitaxy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 858-860 (2000).
15 D. Zubia, SALEEM H. Zaidi, S. D. Hersee and S. R. J. Brueck, Nanoheteroepitaxy – A Nanofabrication Route to Improved Epitaxial Growt, Jour. Vac. Sci. Technol. B18 3514-3520 (2000).
16 Saleem H. Zaidi, D. S. Ruby, and J. M. Gee, “Characterization of Reactive Ion Etched Silicon Solar Cells”, IEEE Trans. Elect. Dev. 48, 1200 (2001).
17 A. K. Sharma, SALEEM H. Zaidi, P. C. Logofatu and S. R. J. Brueck, Optical and Electrical Properties of Nanostructured Metal-Silicon-Metal Photodetectors, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics JQE-38, 1651-1660 (2002).
18 A. K. Sharma, Saleem H. Zaidi, S. Lucero, S. R. J. Brueck and N. E. Islam, Mobility and Transverse Electric Field Effects in Channel Conduction of Wrap-Around Gate Nanowire MOSFETs IEE Proc. Circuits, Devices and Systems 151, 422–431 (2004).
19 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and Saleem. H. Zaidi, Epitaxial Growth of High-Quality Ge films on Nanostructured Silicon Substrates, Applied Physics Letters, 88, (2006).
20 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye, R. L. Dawson and Saleem. H. Zaidi, High quality GaAs films on Ge/SiGe on nanopatterned Si using interferometric lithography, Applied Physics Letters, 88, 1, (2006).
21 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and Saleem. H. Zaidi, High quality Ge/SixGe1-x on nano-scale patterned Si structures, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B 23, 1622-1629 (2005).
22 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Heteroepitaxial growth on microscale patterned silicon structures, Journal of Crystal Growth 280, 66-74, (2005).
23 Ganesh Vanamu, J. Robbins, T. A. Khraishi, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Modeling and experiments on epitaxially grown multilayers with implications to the critical thickness, Journal of Electronic Materials 34, 5, (2005).
   
CONFERENCE PAPERS
1 Saleem H. Zaidi, S. H. Naqvi and S. R. J. Brueck, Submicrometer Lithographic Alignment and Overlay Strategie, X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy, Microscopy, Polarimetry, and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover and A. B. C. Walker, eds, SPIE Proceedings 1343, 241 (1991)
2 S. R. J. Brueck, Saleem H. Zaidi and M. K. Lang, Temperature Measurement for RTP MRS Proceedings 303, Rapid Thermal and Integrated Processing III, J. Gelpey, J. J. Wortman, M. Green ,eds. 117 (1993).
3 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Multiple Exposure Interferometric Lithography, SPIE 2197 Optical/Laser Microlithography VII, T. A. Brunner, Ed., pp. 869-875 (SPIE, Bellingham, 1994).
4 Saleem H. Zaidi, A. Frauenglass and S. R. J. Brueck, Moiré Interferometric Alignment and Overlay Techniques, SPIE 2196 Integrated Circuit Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control III, M. H. Bennett, Ed., pp. 371-382 (SPIE, Bellingham, 1994).
5 D. Burckel, Saleem H. Zaidi, M. K. Lang, A. Frauenglass and S. R. J. Brueck, Speckle Techniques for Noncontact Temperature Measurement, MRS Proc. 342 Rapid Themal and Integrated Processing III, J. J. Wortman, J. Gelpey, M. L. Green, S. R. J. Brueck and F. Rooseboom, eds. pp.17-22 (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994).
6 Saleem H. Zaidi, An-Shyang Chu and S. R. J. Brueck, Scalable Fabrication and Optical Characterization of nm Si Structures, MRS (Fall’94) 358 957-968 Microcrystalline and Nanocrystalline Semiconductors, eds. Robert W. Collins, Chuang Chuang Tsai Masataka Hirose, Frederick Koch and Louis Brus.
7 D. Burckel, Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Sub-Feature Speckle Interferometry: A New Approach to Temperature Measurement, MRS 387, Rapid Thermal and Integrated Processing IV, J. Gelpey, J. Sturm, A. Kermani, S. R. J. Brueck, eds. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1995).pp. 125-130.
8 Saleem Zaidi, A-S. Chu and S. R. J. Brueck, Room Temperature Photoluminescence from Manufactured 1-D Si Grating Structures, Proc. Intl. Conf. on Advanced Electroluminescent Materials, D. J. Lockwood, P. M. Fauchett, N. Koshida and S. R. J. Brueck, eds. The Electrochem. Soc. (95-25, 1996).
9 R. G. Dixon, J. Schneir, T. McWaid, N. Sullivan, V. W. Tsai, Saleem H. Zaidi, and S. R. J. Brueck Toward Accurate Linewidth Metrology using Atomic Force Microscopy and Tip Characterization SPIE Proc. 2725, Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography, S. K. Jones, ed. pp. 589-607 (1996).
10 Saleem H. Zaidi, S. R. J. Brueck, F. M. Schellenberg, R. Scott Mackay, K. Uekert and J. J. Persoff Interferometric Lithography Tool for 180-nm Structure, SPIE Microlithography’97, Emerging Lithographic Technologies, 3048 248-254 (1997).
11 Saleem H. Zaidi, Xiaolan Chen and S. R. J. Brueck, Image Reversal at nm-Scales SPIE Microlithography’98, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing, 3333, 1272-1279 (1998).
12 Saleem H. Zaidi, S. R. J. Brueck, T. Hill and R. N. Shagam, Mix-and-Match Interferometric and Optical Lithographies for Nanoscale Structures, SPIE Microlithography’98, Emerging Lithographic Technologies-II Y. Vladmirski, ed. 3331, 406-413, (1998).
13 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Interferometric Lithography for Nanoscale Fabrication Proc. SPIE 3618 Laser Applications in Microelectronic and Optoelectronic Manufacturing IV, 2-8, 1999.
14 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Nonlinear Processes to Extend Interferometric Lithography Proc. SPIE 3676 Microlithography Emerging Technologies III, 371-378, 1999.
15 Saleem Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, Nanoscale Fabrication by Interferometric Lithography Proc. SPIE 3740 Optical Engineering for Sensing and Nanotechnology 340-343 (1999).
16 Saleem H. Zaidi, James M. Gee, Douglas S. Ruby, and S. R. J. Brueck, Characterization of Si Nanostructured Surfaces, Proc. SPIE 3790 Engineered Nanostructural Films and Materials, 151-159 (1999).
17 Saleem H. Zaidi and S. R. J. Brueck, “Si Texturing with Sub-Wavelength Structures”, 26th IEEE PVSC, 171 (1997). 18. S. A. Kemme, Saleem H. Zaidi, and James M. Gee, 9th workshop on c-Si Mat. and Proc. , Breckenridge (1999).
18 D. S. Ruby, Saleem H. Zaidi, and S. Narayanan, “Plasma Texturing for Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells”, 28th IEEE PVSC, 75 (2000).
19 B.M. Damiani, R. Ludeman, D. S. Ruby, S. H. Zaidi, A. Rohatgi, “Development of RIE-Textured Silicon Solar Cells”, 28th IEEE PVSC, 371 (2000).
20 Saleem H. Zaidi, James M. Gee, and Douglas S. Ruby, 28th IEEE PVSC, “Diffraction Grating Structures in Solar Cells”, 395 (2000).
21 Saleem H. Zaidi, D. S. Ruby, K. Dezetter, and J. M. Gee, “Enhanced near IR absorption in random, RIE textured silicon solar cells: the role of surface profiles”, 29th IEEE PVSC, 142 (2002).
22 D. S. Ruby, Saleem H. Zaidi, S. Narayanan, B. Bathey, S. Yamanaka, R. Balanga, “Industrial Manufacturing of RIE-Textured Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells”, 29th IEEE PVSC, 146 (2002).
23 Saleem H. Zaidi, R. Marquardt, B. Minhas, and J. W. Tringe, “Deeply etched grating structures for enhanced absorption”, 29th IEEE PVSC, 1290 (2002).
24 Saleem H. Zaidi, Carolyn Matzke, Laure Koltunski, and Karen DeZetter, “Optical absorption in thin Si Films”, presented at 30th PVSC meeting, January, 2005.
25 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Ge growth on nanopatterned Si surfaces, Materials Research Society, 862, (2005).
26 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye, R. L. Dawson and S. H. Zaidi, GaAs growth on micro and nano-patterned SixGe1-x and Si surfaces, Materials Research Society 862, (2005).
27 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Improving of Ge on SixGe1-x film quality through growth on patterned silicon structures, Advances in Electronics Manufacturing Technology, V-EMT 1:25, (2004).
28 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Heteroepitaxial growth and characterization of Ge/SixGe1-x films on patterned Si substrates, Materials Research Society 809, (2004).
29 Ganesh Vanamu, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Characterization and analysis of heteroepitaxial growth on Si structures, Microscopy and Microanalysis 9, (2003).
30 Ganesh Vanamu, T. A. Khraishi, A. K. Datye and S. H. Zaidi, Modeling the Elastic Fields in Epitaxially Grown Multilayers, Materials Research Society 821, (2004).
31 Nazar Ileri, Pieter Stroeve, Sonia Létant, Jerald Britten, Hoang Nguyen, Cindy Larson, Rodney Balhorn, Michael Shirk, Saleem Zaidi, Ahmet Palazoglu, Roland Faller and Joseph Tringe, “A Uniform Silicon Nanopore Array for Controlled Molecular Transport”, presented at Spring MRS Meeting, 2008.
32 An Investigation of Three-dimensional Texturing in Silicon Solar cells for Enhanced Optical absorption, Fairborz Jahanshah, Rajiv Prinja, Ron Manginell, K. Sopian, and Saleem H. Zaidi, Proceedings 33rd IEEE PVSC, May, 2008.
33 Plasma Implantation of silicon Solar Cells for Emitter and Localized BSF Formation, Rajiv Prinja, David Modisette, Rich Winder, and Saleem H. Zaidi, Proceedings 33rd IEEE PVSC, May, 2008.
34 Can Silicon Photovoltaics be a Cottage Industry? , Saleem H. Zaidi, Bernard Stuart, Abdul Latif Ibrahim, and K. Sopian, Proceedings 33rd IEEE PVSC, May, 2008.
35 Absorption Enhancement in thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells in SOI Configuration Using Physical and Geometrical Optics, Rajiv Prinja, Laure Koltunski, J. W. Tringe, Ron Manginell, K. Sopian, and Saleem H. Zaidi, Proceedings 33rd IEEE PVSC, May, 2008.
36 Electroplating of Plasma Doped Back Surface Contact Silicon Solar Cells, Rajiv Prinja, Nowshad Amin, K. Sopian, and Saleem H. Zaidi, Proceedings 34th IEEE PVSC, June, 2009.
37 Investigation of Optical Absorption in Thin-film Si/Ge Solar Cells, Fariborz Jahanshah, Muhammad Khizar, D. Modisette, Ron Manginell, John Anderson, Nowshad Amin, K. Sopian, and Saleem H. Zaidi, Proceedings 34th IEEE PVSC, June, 2009.
   
PATENTS
1 S. R. J. Brueck and Saleem H. Zaidi, Method and Apparatus for Alignment and Overlay of Submicron Lithographic Features 5,216,257, issued June 1, 1993.
2 S. R. J. Brueck and Saleem H. Zaidi, Method and Apparatus for Alignment of Submicron Lithographic Structures, 5,343,292, issued Aug. 30, 1994.
3 S. R. J. Brueck and Saleem Zaidi, Method and Apparatus for Fine-Line Interferometric Lithography ; 5,415,835, issued May 16, 1995.
4 S. R. J. Brueck, David Burckel, A. Frauenglass and SALEEM H. Zaidi, Method and Apparatus for Real-Time Speckle Interferometry for Strain or Displacement of an Object Surface, 5,426,498, issued June 20, 1995.
5 S. R. J. Brueck, An-Shiang Chu, Saleem Zaidi, and Bruce L. Draper, Methods for Manufacture of Quantum Sized Periodic Structures in Si Materials, 5,705,321, issued January 6, 1998.
6 S. R. J. Brueck, Xiaolan Chen, Daniel J. Devine and Saleem H. Zaidi, Methods and Apparatuses for Lithography of Sparse Arrays of Sub-micrometer Features, 5,759,744, issued June 2, 1998.
7 S. R. J. Brueck and Saleem H. Zaidi, Method and Apparatus for Extending Spatial Frequencies in Photolithography, 6,042,998, issued 3/28/2000.
8 S. R. J. Brueck, Xiaolan Chen, Andrew Frauenglass, Saleem H. Zaidi and Janusz Wilczynski, Methods and Apparatus for Integrating Optical and Interferometric Lithography to Produce Complex Patterns, 6,233,044 issued May 15, 2001)
9 S.R. J. Brueck, Xiaolan Chen, Andrew Frauenglass and Saleem H. Zaidi, Methods and Apparatus for Integrating Optical and Interferometric Lithography to Produce Complex Patterns, Taiwan134222, issued June 16, 2001.
10 S. D. Hersee, S. R. J. Brueck, Saleem H. Zaidi and David Zubia, Thin Film Product and Method of Forming, 6,596,377, issued 7/22/03.
11 Douglas S. Ruby and Saleem H. Zaidi, “Metal catalyst techniques for texturing silicon solar cells”, 6, 329, 296 B1, issued December, 2001.
12 Saleem H. Zaidi and J. M Gee, "Enhanced light absorption of solar cells and photodetectors by diffraction,” 6, 858, 462 B2, issued 2/22/2005.
13 Saleem H. Zaidi, “Enhanced optical absorption and radiation tolerance in thin-film solar cells and photodetectors”, 10/298,694, issued April 2005.
14 Saleem H. Zaidi, “Method of making thin films for enhanced optical absorption and radiation tolerance in solar cells and photodetectors”, has been filed with the U.S. Patent office.
15 Saleem H. Zaidi, “Nanostructures for Hetero-epitaxial Growth on Silicon Substrates”, 6, 835, 246 B2, issued on Dec. 28, 2004.
16 Douglas S. Ruby, William K. Schubert, J. M. Gee, and Saleem H. Zaidi, “Silicon cells made by self-aligned, selective emitter, plasma-etchback process”, 6, 091, 021, issued July, 2000.
17 Saleem H. Zaidi, Joseph W. Tringe, Ganash Vanaum, A method for controlled synthesis of uniformly distributed Au nanospheres embedded in insulating nanowires, filed (2008).